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Sninský kameň

Nature Interest

Prírodná pamiatka Sninský kameň sa nachádza v pohorí Vihorlat v katastri obce Zemplínske Hámre. Pre veľký vedecký a kultúrno-spoločenský význam bol Sninský kameň vyhlásený v roku 1982 za Chránený prírodný výtvor. V súčasnosti možno Sninský kameň nájsť ako prírodnú pamiatku, ktorú tvorí tzv. neplodná plocha (skala) obklopená ochranným lesom.

História Sninského kameňa siaha až do obdobia starších treťohôr, kedy vznikol sopečnou činnosťou. Sninský kameň je aj významnou botanickou lokalitou.

Návštevníci majú možnosť uzrieť hneď niekoľko dôležitých fenoménov. Prvým z nich je obmedzený vzrast drevín, pod ktorý sa podpísala vrcholová klíma. Druhým fenoménom je kontrast chladnej a vlhkej severnej strany kameňa a teplej južnej strany. Zatiaľ čo severná strana je chudobná na rastlinstvo, južná strana ponúka neobyčajnú mozaiku tých najrôznejších rastlinných druhov od rias, lišajníkov, až po vzácny rozchodník ročný. Ozdobou Sninského kameňa sú machorasty horských polôh a paprade, ako aj zvonček okrúhlolistý kvitnúci na úpätí vysokých brál.

V chránenom území žijú aj vzácne živočíšne druhy. Z obojživelníkov sú zastúpené salamandra škvrnitá, skokan štíhly a rosnička zelená. V bútľavých stromoch hniezdi holub plúžik a muchárik bielokrký. Sninský kameň je aj biotopom plcha obyčajného a pĺšika lieskového. Domácich návštevníkov neprekvapia ani stopy vlka dravého.

Prírodná pamiatka Sninský kameň je súčasťou dvoch náučných chodníkov: Remetské Hámre – Morské oko a Morské oko – Sninský kameň – Sninské rybníky.

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